This article was written by Clifton Phua and originally appeared on the DataRobot Blog here: https://www.datarobot.com/blog/government-grant-fraud-detection/
In the spring of 2020, the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) did what it thought was a good thing: It offered $10,000 to small businesses struggling with the impact of COVID-19. All applicants had to do was fill out a short form and attest that they had at least 10 employees, and the money would arrive in a few days.
In its haste to get help to businesses, the SBA put almost no safeguards in place. Within days of the program’s launch, it saw a gold rush of fraudsters. In October, Forbes reported that “In some neighborhoods in Chicago and Miami, it seemed like everyone made a bogus application to the Small Business Administration’s Covid-19 Economic Injury Disaster Loan program. Professional thieves from Russia to Nigeria cashed in. Low-level employees at the agency watched helplessly as misspent money flew out the door.”
Within weeks, $20 billion simply disappeared. This is in addition to the $80 billion or more the U.S. government typically loses each year due to grant fraud.
Unfortunately, the SBA fraud, although blatant, is far from unusual. Grant fraud is on the rise around the world, driven in large part by the increasing use of digital banking and grant applications. Although it takes several forms, grant fraud is typically found in cases where grant recipients make false statements in their application, forge documents, conceal important facts, or misuse money they receive.
Fortunately, government agencies have a powerful tool to fight grant fraud: artificial intelligence. The right model can deliver an accurate report on fraudulent activity within a second.
- Take into account new and emerging fraud examples. In the past, AI-driven fraud detection relied on previous fraud examples; it used them as a basis for what to detect. Now AI models can quickly detect and report novel fraud approaches, without creating too many false positives that distract agency staff.
- Provide risk scores in real time. AI models allow fraud analysts to see a more complete view of a potential fraud the second it is detected. Analysts can refine their models’ decision-making process to better manage risk.
- Ensure regulatory compliance. Rules for grant applications constantly change. AI-based scoring methods ensure that agencies are using the latest guidelines for grant management and fraud detection.
- Free up fraud analysts for high-value work. AI-supported grant fraud teams can greatly improve their efficiency by using AI to take care of many time-consuming tasks, such as chasing down false positives. That means analysts can spend time developing new fraud techniques and incorporating them into models.
By some accounts, when executed properly, AI fraud-detection systems can reduce fraud by 95 percent, while also reducing the costs associated with detecting them. Results like these provide significant value for public agencies who are facing challenging times due to COVID-19-strapped budgets.If you’re interested in using AI, sign up for the DataRobot AI Platform Free Trial. To request a fraud detection demo shown in the following screenshot, contact us and we’ll explore a proof of value together.